C O N S T I T U T I O N

DE TUIN

HOME OWNERS ASSOCIATION

A statutory Body Corporate established
In terms of Section 29 of the Land Use
Planning Ordinance, 15 of 1985

*** REVISION 2 - OCTOBER 2012 ***


1.    ESTABLISHMENT IN TERMS OF STATUTE
   
    The De Tuin Home Owners Association is constituted, as a body corporate, in terms of Section 29 of the Land Use Planning Ordinance, No. 15 of 1985.

2.    INTERPRETATION

    In these presents:

2.1    The following words shall, unless the context otherwise requires, have the meanings
hereinafter assigned to them:

"these presents" means this Constitution and regulations and by-laws of the association from time to time in force

"the Association" means De Tuin Home Owners Association

"the Office" means the registered office of the Association

"month" means calendar month

"year" means calendar year

"in writing" means written, printed or lithographed or partly one and partly another, and other modes of representing or producing words in a visible form

"the Unit Erven" means the residential erven resulting from the subdivision of Portion 3 of Farm 311 of Brackenfell known collectively as De Tuin

"the Open Area" of Erf 11451 (6928mē) Brackenfell will be known as Private Open space.  Erf 11372 will be known as Public Open Space

"the Developer" means Kine Homes (Pty) Ltd.

"Member" means a member of the Association

"the Trustee Committee" means the Board of Trustees of the Association

"a Trustee" means one of the Trustee Committee

"Chairman" means the Chairman of the Trustee Committee

"Vice-Chairman" means the Vice-Chairman of the Trustee Committee

"Auditors' means the Auditors of the Association

"the Council" means Brackenfell Municipality

"Business Day" means weekdays other than Saturdays, Sundays and Public Holidays

"De Tuin" means the group housing development constructed on Portion 3 of Farm 311 Brackenfell

"Special Resolution" means a resolution passed at a special general meeting of which not less than 21 clear days' notice has been given specifying the intention to propose the resolution as a special resolution, the terms and effect of the resolution and the reasons for it, and passed, on a show of hands, not less than three-fourths
of the total number of members present at that meeting who, at a minimum, form a quorum for a general meeting

"Ordinary Resolution" means a resolution passed at a general meeting of the Association

2.2    Unless the context otherwise requires, any words importing the singular number only shall include the plural number, and vice versa and words importing any one gender only shall include the other gender.

3.    PURPOSE DESCRIBING THE MAIN BUSINESS
   
The main business of the Association is to carry on the promotion, advancement and protection of the owners of Unit Erven

4.    MAIN OBJECT
   
    The main object of the Association is:

  4.1    the control over -

     4.1.1    all buildings, and/or structures erected or to be erected on the Unit Erven as well as the maintenance thereof; and

     4.1.2     the care, maintenance, upkeep of the Private Open Spaces
   
  4.2    the promotion, advancement and protection of the communal group interests of the Members generally

5.    FINANCIAL YEAR END

    The financial year end of the Association is the end of February of each year.   

6.    MEMBERSHIP

  6.1    Membership of the Association shall be compulsory for every Registered Owner of a Unit Erf

  6.2    Such membership shall commence simultaneously with the transfer of the Unit Erven into the name of the Transferee

  6.3    Membership of the Association shall be limited to the Registered Owners of the Unit Erven provided that:

     6.3.1    a person who is entitled to obtain a certificate of registered title to any such Unit Erf shall be deemed to be the registered owner thereof

     6.3.2    where any such owner is more than one person, all the registered owners of that erf shall be deemed jointly and severally to be one      Member of the Association

     6.3.3    where any person is the Registered Owner of more than one Unit Erf, such person shall be regarded to be a Member and shall have the rights and obligations of a Member in respect of each of the unit Erven registered in the person's name, it being recorded that the provisions of this clause shall also be applicable to the Developer whilst it is the Registered Owner of a Unit Erf or unit Erven.

7.    When a member ceases to be the registered owner of a unit Erf, he shall ipso facto cease to be a Member of the Association.

8.    A Member shall not be entitled to:

  8.1       sell or transfer a unit Erf unless it is a condition of the sale and transfer that:

     8.1.1     the transferee becomes a Member of the Association

     8.1.2     The registration of transfer of that Unit Erf into  the name of that transferee     shall ipso facto constitute the transfer as a Member of the Association

     8.1.3    he first obtains the written consent of the Association which consent shall be given provided  the purchaser of such Unit Erf agrees in writing
to abide by the rules of the Constitution of the Association

  8.2    erect any additional buildings and/or structures of any nature whatsoever, nor to make any alterations, modifications or renovations to such buildings and/or structures ("the proposed work") on his Unit Erf without the written approval of the Trustees, which approval shall only be given

     8.2.1    after detailed plans of the proposed work has been submitted to the Trustees, or any person nominated by the Trustees (who may be an Architect,
registered with the South African Council of Architects) and

     8.2.2    the Trustees or their nominee are satisfied that  the proposed work is in accordance with the character and style of De Tuin

     8.2.3     the Member has made payment of any costs which may be incurred in obtaining this approval, including the costs of the Trustees or their nominee, such costs to be based on the recommended tariff of the Institute of South African Architects, for work of similar nature

9.    The Registered Owner of a Unit Erf may not resign as a member of the Association

10.    The Trustee Committee may, by regulation, provide for the issue of a membership certificate, which certificate shall be in such form as may be prescribed by the Trustee Committee.

11.    The rights and obligations of a Member shall not be transferable and every Member shall:

  11.1    to the best of his ability further the objects and interests of the Association

  11.2    observe all by-laws and regulations made by the Association or the Trustee Committee

  11.3    be jointly liable with all the Members for all expenditure incurred in connection with the association insofar as third parties are concerned

provided that nothing contained in this Constitution shall prevent a Member from ceding his rights in terms of this Constitution as security to the Mortgagee of that Member's Unit Erf.

LEVIES

12.    The Trustee Committee shall from time to time, impose levies upon the Members for the purpose of meeting all the expenses which the Association has incurred, of which the Trustee Committee reasonably anticipates the Association will be put by way of payment of all expenses necessary or reasonably incurred in connection with the management of the Association, and the Association's affairs in general. In calculating levies the Trustee Committee shall take into account, income, if any, earned by the Association.

13.    The Trustee Committee shall estimate the amount which shall be required by the Association to meet the expenses during each year, together with such estimate deficiency, if any, as shall result from the preceding year, and shall impose a levy upon the Member's, equal as nearly as is reasonably practical to such estimated amount. The Trustee Committee may include in such levies an amount to be held in reserve to meet anticipated future expenditure not of an annual nature. Every such levy shall be billed on an annual basis for the period 01-July to 31-June (of the following year) and payable in full in advance by 30 September every year, or payable by equal monthly instalments due in advance on the first day of each and every succeeding month of such year if such arrangements have been made and approved by the Trustees.

14.    The Trustee Committee, may from time to time, impose special levies upon the members in respect of all such expenses as are mentioned in 12 (which are not included in any estimate made in terms of 13), and such levies may be made in the sum or by such instalments and at such time or times as the Trustee Committee shall think fit.

15.    Any amount due by a Member by way of a levy shall be a debt due by him to the Association. The obligation of a Member to pay a levy shall cease upon his ceasing to be a Member of the Association, without prejudice to the Association's right to recover arrear levies. No levies paid by a member shall under any circumstances be repayable by the Association upon his ceasing to be a member. A Member's successor in title to a Unit Erf shall be liable as from the date upon which he becomes a member pursuant to the transfer of the erf, to pay the levy attributable to that erf. No Member shall transfer his Unit Erf until the Association has certified that the Member has at the date of transfer fulfilled all his financial obligations to the Association.

16.    The total levy payable by Members shall be borne in equal shares by each Member.

17.    No Member shall be entitled to any of the privileges of membership unless and until he shall have paid every subscription and other sum (if any) which shall be due and payable to the Association in respect of his membership thereof.

CONTRACTS AND REGULATIONS

18.    The Trustee Committee may from time to time:

  18.1    make regulations governing inter alia:

     18.1.1    the erection of any buildings and/or structures of any nature whatsoever, and the alteration,  modification and renovation to such buildings and/or structures on Unit Erven, (which regulations may be incorporated in a development manual)

     18.1.2    the Member's rights of use, occupation and enjoyment of the Private Open Space

     18.1.3         the external appearance of and the maintenance of the Private Open      Space and any buildings or other improvements erected thereon

   18.2     enter into agreement(s) with the Council on any other incidental matters


19.    Each Member undertakes to the Association that he shall comply with:

    19.1      the provisions of this Constitution
   
    19.2    any regulations made in terms of 18.1

    19.3    any agreements referred to in 18.2 insofar as those agreements may directly or indirectly impose obligations  on him

20.    Should any Member:

  20.1    fail to pay on due date any amount due by that Member in terms of this Constitution or any regulation made thereunder and remain in default for more than 7 days after being notified in writing to do so by the Trustees; or

  20.2    commit any other breach of any of the provisions of this Constitution or any regulation made thereunder and fail to commence remedying that breach within a period of 7 days after the receipt of written notice to that effect by the Trustees and complete the remedying of such breach within a reasonable time then and in either such event, the Trustees shall be entitled on behalf of the Association, without prejudice to any other rights or remedies which the Trustees or the Association or any other Member may have in law, including the right to claim damages:

  20.3    to institute legal proceedings on behalf of the Association against such Member for payment of such overdue amount or for performance of his obligations in terms of this Constitution of any regulation made thereunder, as the case may be; or

  20.4    in the case of clause 20.2 to remedy such breach and immediately recover the total cost incurred by the Trustees or the Association in so doing from such Member

  20.5    should the Trustees institute any legal proceedings against any Member pursuant to a breach by that Member of this Constitution or any regulation made thereunder, then without prejudice to any other rights which the Trustees or the Association or any other member may have in law, the Trustees shall be entitled to recover from such Member all legal costs incurred by the Trustees or the Association, including attorney/client charges, tracing fees and collection commission

  20.6    without prejudice to any of the rights the Trustees or the Association granted under this Constitution, should any member fail to pay any amount due by that Member on due date, then such member shall pay interest thereon at the publically quoted prime rate of interest charged by the Associations bankers from time to time calculated from the due date of payment until the actual date of payment of such amount.

CESSATION OF MEMBERSHIP

21.    No Member ceasing to be a Member of the Association for any   
reason shall, (nor shall any such member's executor, curators, trustees or liquidators) have any claim upon or interest in the funds or other property of the Association, but this clause shall be without prejudice to the rights of the Association to claim from such member or his estate any arrears of subscriptions or other sums due by him to the Association at the time of his so ceasing to be a Member.

TRUSTEE COMMITTEE

22.    There shall be a Board of the Trustees of Association which shall consist of not less than three (3) and not more than six (6) Members.

23.    Every Trustee must be a Member of the Association.

REMOVAL AND ROTATION OF TRUSTEE MEMBERS

24.    Save as set forth in 25 below, each Trustee shall continue to hold office until the Annual General Meting next following his said appointment, at which meeting each trustee shall be deemed to have retired from office as such, but shall be eligible for re-election to the Trustee Committee at such meeting.

25.    A Trustee shall be deemed to have vacated his office as such upon:

  25.1    his estate being sequestrated, whether provisionally of finally, or his surrendering his estate

  25.2    his making any arrangements or compromise with his creditors

  25.3    his conviction for any offence involving dishonesty

  25.4    his becoming of unsound mind

  25.5    his resigning from such office in writing delivered to the Secretary

  25.6    his death

  25.7    his being removed from office by a Special Resolution of the members

provided that anything done in the capacity of a Trustee in good faith, by a person who ceases to be a Trustee, shall be valid until the fact that he is no longer a Trustee has been accepted and recorded in the Minute book/file of the Trustee Committee.

26.    Upon any vacancy occurring on the Trustee Committee prior to the next Annual General, the vacancy in question shall be filled by a person nominated by those remaining for the time being of the Trustee Committee.

OFFICE OF TRUSTEES

27.    The Trustees shall appoint from amongst themselves a Chairman and Vice-Chairman.

28.    [Deleted]

29.    Within seven (7) days of the holding of such Annual General Meeting, the Trustee Committee shall meet and shall elect from its own number the Chairman and Vice-Chairman, who shall hold their respective offices until the Annual General Meeting held next after their said appointment, provided that the office of the Chairman of Vice-Chairman shall ipso facto be vacated by the Trustee holding such office upon his ceasing to be a Trustee for any reason. No one Trustee shall be appointed to more than one of the aforesaid offices at any time. The Trustee Committee shall immediately meet to appoint one of their number as replacement Chairman or Vice Chairman if such a vacancy exists.

30.    Save as otherwise provided in these presents, the Chairman shall preside at all meetings of the Trustee Committee, and all general meetings of Members, and shall perform all duties incidental to the office of Chairman and such other duties as may be prescribed by the Trustee Committee or of Members, and to allow or refuse to permit invitees to speak at any such meeting, provide however, that any such invitees shall not be entitled to vote at any such meetings.

31.    The Vice-Chairman shall assume the powers and duties of the Chairman in the absence of the Chairman, or his inability or refusal to act as Chairman, and shall perform such other duties as may from time to time be assigned to him by the Chairman or the Trustee Committee

32.    Trustees shall be entitled to be repaid all reasonable and bona fide expenses incurred by them respectively in or about the performance of their duties as Trustees and/or Chairman, Vice-Chairman, as the case may be, but save as aforesaid, shall not be entitled to any other remuneration fees of salary in respect of the performance of such duties

FUNCTIONS AND POWERS OF THE TRUSTEE COMMITTEE

33.    Subject to the express provision of these presents, the Trustee Committee shall manage and control the business and affairs of the Association, shall have full powers in the management and direction of such business and affairs and, save as may be expressly provided in these presents, may exercise all such powers of the Association, and do all such acts on behalf of the Association as my be exercised and done by the Association, and as are not by these presents required to be exercised or done by the Association in a general meeting, subject nevertheless to such regulations as may be prescribed by the Association in a general meeting from time to time, provided that no regulation made by the Association in general meeting shall invalidate any prior act of the Trustee Committee which would have been valid if such regulation had not been made.

34.    The Trustee Committee shall have the right to vary, or modify any of its decisions and resolutions from time to time.

35.    The Trustee Committee shall have the right to co-opt onto the Trustee Committee any Member or Members chosen by it.  A co-opted Trustee shall enjoy all the rights and be subject to al the obligations of the Trustees.

36.    The Trustee Committee may, should it so decide, investigate any suspected alleged breach by any Member of Trustee of these presents, in such reasonable manner as it shall decide from time to time.

37.    The Trustee Committee may make regulations and by-laws, not inconsistent with this Constitution, or any regulations or by-laws prescribed in the Association in a general meeting:

  37.1     as to dispute generally

  37.2     for the furtherance and promotion of any of the objects of the Association

  37.3    for the better management of the affairs of the Association

  37.4    for the advancement of the interest of Members

  37.5    for the conduct of Trustee Committee meetings and general meetings; and

  37.6    to assist it in administering and governing its activities generally

and shall be entitled to cancel, vary or modify any of the same from time to time

PROCEEDINGS OF THE TRUSTEE COMMITTEE

38.    The Trustee Committee may meet together for the despatch of business, adjourn and otherwise regulate their meetings as they think fit, subject to any provisions of these presents

39.    Meetings of the Trustee Committee shall be held at least once every quarter, provided that if all the Trustees shall in writing have waived the above requirement in respect of a particular quarter, then no meeting of the Trustee Committee need be held for that quarter.

40.    The quorum necessary for the holding of any meeting of the Trustee Committee shall be three (3) Trustees.

41.    The Chairman shall preside as such at all meetings of the Trustee Committee, provided that should at any meeting of the Trustee Committee the Chairman not be present within (5) minutes after the time appointed for the holding thereof, then the Vice-Chairman shall act as Chairman at such meeting, provided further that should the Vice-Chairman also not be present within five (5) minutes of the time appointed for the holding of such meeting, those present of the Trustees shall vote to appoint a Chairman for the meeting, who shall thereupon exercise all the powers and duties of the Chairman in relation to such meeting.

42.    A Trustee shall take minutes of every Trustee Committee meeting, although not necessarily verbatim, which minutes shall be reduced to writing without undue delay after the meeting will have closed and shall then be certified correct by the Chairman of the meeting.  All minutes of Trustee Committee meetings shall after certification as aforesaid be placed in a Trustee Committee Minute book/file to be kept in accordance mutatis mutandis, with the provisions of the law relation to the keeping of minutes of meetings of directors of companies. The Trustees Committee Minute book/file shall be open for inspection at all times by a Trustee, the Auditors, the Association Members and Local Authority.

43.    All competent resolutions recorded in the minutes of any Trustee Committee meeting shall be valid and of full force and effect as therein recorded, with effect from the passing of such resolutions, and until varied or rescinded, but no resolution or purported resolution of the Trustee committee shall be of any force or effect, or shall be binding upon the Members or any of the Trustees unless such resolution is competent within the powers of the Trustee Committee.

44.    Save as otherwise provided in these presents, the proceedings at any Trustee meeting shall be conducted in such reasonable manner and form as the Chairman of the meeting shall decide.

45.    A resolution signed by all the Trustees shall be valid in all respects as if it had been duly passed at a meeting of the Trustee Committee duly convened.


GENERAL MEETINGS OF THE ASSOCIATION

46.    The Association shall before 30 June in each calendar year, hold a general meeting as its Annual General Meeting, in addition to any other general meetings, during that year, and shall specify the meeting as such in the notices, in terms of 48 below calling it:

  46.1    such Annual General Meeting shall be held at such time and place, subject to the aforegoing provisions, as the Trustee Committee shall decide from time to time

47.    All general meetings other than Annual General Meetings shall be called special general   meetings.

48.    The Trustee Committee, may, whenever they think fit, convene a special general meeting.


NOTICE OF MEETINGS

49.    An Annual General Meeting and a meeting called for the passing of a special resolution, shall be called with at least twenty-one (21) days' notice in writing, and a special general meeting other than one called for the passing of a special resolution, shall be called by at  least fourteen (14) days' notice in writing. In each case, the notice shall be exclusive of the day on which it is given, and shall specify the place, the day and the hour of the meeting and, in the case of special business, in addition to any other requirements contained in these presents, the general nature of that business, and in the case of a special resolution, the terms and effect of the resolution and the reasons for it shall be given in the manner hereinafter mentioned or in such other manner, if any, as may be prescribed by the Trustee Committee to such persons as are under these presents entitled to receive such notice from the Association; provided that a general meeting of the Association shall, notwithstanding that it is called by shorter notice than that specified in these presents, be deemed to have been duly called if it is so agreed/ratified:

  49.1    in the case of a meeting called as the Annual General  meeting, by all the Members entitled to attend and vote  there at; and

  49.2    in the case of special general meeting, by a majority in number of the Members having a right to attend and vote at the meeting, being a majority together holding not less than seventy-five (75%) of the total voting rights of all Members

50.    The accidental omission to give notice of a meeting or of any resolution, or to give any other notification, or present any document required to be given or sent in terms of these presents, or the non-receipt of any such notice, notification or document by any Member or other person entitled to receive the same, shall not invalidate the proceedings at, or any resolution passed at any meeting.

VENUE OF MEETINGS

51.    General Meetings of the Association shall take place at such place/s as shall be determined by the Trustee Committee from time to time.


QUORUM

52.    No business shall be transacted at any general meeting unless a quorum is present when the meeting proceeds to business. The quorum necessary for the holding of any general meeting shall be such of the Members entitled to vote, as together for the time being, represent one fifth of the total votes of all Members of the Association entitled to vote, for the time being save that not less than three (3) members must be personally present.

53.    If within half an hour from the time appointed for the holding of a general meeting a quorum is not present, the meeting, if convened on the requisition of Members, shall be dissolved, in any other case it shall stand adjourned to the same day in the next week, at the same place and time, or at such other place as the Chairman of the meeting shall appoint, and if at such adjourned meeting a quorum is not present within half an hour from the time appointed for holding the meeting, the Members present shall be a quorum.


AGENDA AT MEETINGS

54.    In addition to any other matters required by these presents to be dealt with at an Annual General Meeting, the following matters shall be dealt with at every Annual General Meeting:

  54.1    the consideration of the Chairman's report to the Trustee's Committee
   
  54.2    the election of the Trustee Committee

  54.3    the consideration of  any other matters raised at the meeting including any resolutions proposed for adoption by such meeting, and the voting upon any such resolutions

  54.4    the consideration of the Financial Statements of the Association for the last financial year of the Association preceding the date of such meeting

  54.5    the consideration of the report of the Auditors

  54.6    the consideration of the total levy (as referred to in 8) for the year during which such Annual General Meeting takes place; and

  54.7    the consideration and fixing of the remuneration of Auditors for the financial year of the Association preceding the Annual General Meeting


PROCEDURE AT GENERAL MEETINGS

55.    The Chairman shall preside as such at all general meetings, provided that should he not be present within five minutes after the time appointed for the holding thereof, then the Vice Chairman shall act as Chairman at such meeting, provided further that should the Vice-Chairman also not be present within five minutes of the time appointed for the holding of such meeting, then the Members present at such meeting entitled to vote, shall vote to appoint a Chairman for the meeting, who shall thereupon exercise all the powers and duties of the Chairman in relation to such meeting.

56.    The Chairman may, with the consent of any general meeting at which a quorum is present (and of so directed by the meeting) adjourn a meeting from time to time and from place to place, but no business shall be transacted at any adjourned meeting other than the business which might have been transacted at the meeting from which the adjournment took place. Whenever a meeting is adjourned for ten (10) days or more, notice of the adjourned meeting shall be given in the same manner as for an original meeting. Save as aforesaid, the members shall not be entitled to any notice of adjournment, or for the business to be transacted at in adjourned meeting.

57.    Except as otherwise set forth in these presents, all general meetings shall be conducted in accordance with generally accepted practice.

PROXIES

58.    A Member may be represented at a general meeting by a proxy, who need not be a Member of the Association. The appointment of a proxy shall be in writing signed by the member concerned or his duly authorised agent, but need not be in any particular form, provided that where a Member is more than one person, any one of those persons may sign the instrument appointing a proxy on such Member's behalf, where a Member is a company, the same may be signed by the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Company or by its secretary, and where an association of persons, by the secretary thereof.

59.    The document appointing a proxy and the Power of Attorney or other authority (if any) under which it is signed, or a notarially certified copy thereof shall be deposited at the office at any time before the time appointed for the commencement of the meeting, or adjourned meeting, at which the person named in the document is proposed to vote. No document appointing a proxy shall be valid after the expiration of twelve (12) months from the date of its execution.

60.    A vote given in accordance with the terms of a valid proxy document shall be valid notwithstanding the previous death of the principal or revocation of the proxy, provided that no intimation in writing of the death or revocation shall have been received by the Trustee Committee at least one hour before the time fixed for the holding of the meeting.

61.    Should a Member be absent from De Tuin for a continuous period in excess of three (3) weeks, a proxy must be appointed by such member prior to his absence in accordance with 58 and 59, failing which a Member shall not be entitled to vote, at any special general meeting, called during such Member's absence.

VOTING

62.    At every general meeting, every Member in person or by proxy and entitled to vote shall have one vote for each Unit Erf registered in his name provided that if a Unit Erf is registered in more than one person's name, then they shall jointly have one vote.

63.    Save as expressly provided for herein, no person other than a member duly registered, and who shall have paid every levy and other sum (if any) which shall be due and payable to the Association in respect of or arising out of his membership, and who is not under suspension, shall be entitled to be present or to vote on any matter, either personally or by proxy, at any general meeting.

64.    At any general meeting a resolution put to the vote of the members shall be decided on by a show of hands, unless either prior to or on the declaration by the Chairman of the result of the show of hands, a poll is demanded by any person entitled to vote at such meeting.
65.    Notwithstanding the provisions of 59 aforesaid, voting on the election of a Chairman of a general meeting (if necessary) or on any question of adjournment, shall be decided on a show of hands by a majority of the members present in person or by proxy, and entitled to vote.

66.    Every resolution and every amendment of a resolution for adoption by a general meeting shall be seconded at the meeting and, if not seconded, shall be deemed not to have been proposed.

67.    An ordinary resolution (that is a resolution other than a special resolution) or the amendment of an ordinary resolution shall be carried on a simple majority of all the votes cast thereon, and an abstention shall not be counted as a vote for or against the resolution in question. In the case of an equality of votes, whether on a show of hands or on a poll, the Chairman of the general meeting shall be entitled to a casting vote in addition to his deliberative vote.

68.    Unless any member present in person or by proxy at a general meeting shall before closure of the meeting have objected to any declaration made by the Chairman of the meeting as to the result of any voting at the meeting, whether by show of hands or by poll, or to the propriety of validity of the procedure at such meeting, such declaration by the Chairman shall be deemed to be a true and correct statement of the voting, and the meeting shall in all respects be deemed to have been properly and validly constituted and conducted, and an entry in the minutes to the effect that any motion has been carried or lost, with or without a record of the number of votes recorded in favour of or against such motion, shall be conclusive evidence of the vote so recorded of such entry conforms with the declaration made by the Chairman of the meeting as to the result of any voting at the meeting.

OTHER PROFESSIONAL OFFICERS
69.    Save as specifically provided in this Constitution, the Trustee Committee shall at all times have the right to engage on behalf of the Association, the services of Accountants,
Auditors, Attorneys, Advocates, Architects, Engineers, any other professional person or firm and/or any other employee/s whatsoever, for any reasons thought necessary by the Trustee Committee and on such terms as the Trustee Committee shall decide, subject to any of the provisions of these presents, provided that any expenditure incurred in respect of the above, shall not exceed 5%(five percent) of the total annual levy for the year in question unless authorised by a Special Resolution.

ACCOUNTS

70.    The Association in general meeting of the Trustee Committee may from time to time make reasonable conditions and regulations as to the time and manner of the inspection by the Members of the accounts and books of the Association, or any of them, and subject to such conditions and regulations the accounts and books of the Association shall be open to the inspection of members at all reasonable time during normal business hours.

71.    At each Annual General Meeting the Trustee committee shall lay before the Association a proper income and expenditure account for the immediately preceding financial year of the Association, together with a proper balance sheet made up as the last financial year end of the Association. Every such balance sheet shall be accompanied by proper and extensive reports of the Trustee Committee and the Auditors, and there shall be attached to the notice sent to Members convening each Annual General Meeting, as set forth in 49 above, copies of such accounts, balance sheet and reports and of any other documents required by law to accompany the same (or if not attached to the notice then published on the Association's website as readily available to all members).

AUDIT

72.    Once at least in every year, the accounts of the Association shall be examined and the correctness of the income and expenditure account and balance sheets ascertained by the Auditors.
   
73.    SERVICE OF NOTICES

  73.1    A notice shall be in writing and shall be given or served by the Association upon any Member, either personally or by post in a prepaid registered letter, properly addressed to the Member at the address of the Unit Erf owned by him, or his chosen domicile address if it was given in writing to the Association as the member's domicilium citandi et executandi.

  73.2     No Member shall be entitled to have a notice served on him at any address not within the Republic of South Africa which shall be deemed to be his address for the purpose of the service of notices.

  73.3    Any notice by post shall be deemed to have been served  at the time when the letter containing the same was posted, and in proving the giving of the notice by post, shall be sufficient to prove that the letter containing the notice was properly addressed and posted.

  73.4     The accidental omission to give notice of a meeting to, or the non-receipt of notice of a meeting by, any person entitled to receive notice shall not invalidate the proceedings of that meeting.

74.    INDEMNITY

  74.1    All Trustee members and the Auditors shall be indemnified out of the funds of the Association against any liabilities bona fide incurred by them in their respective said capacities and in the case of a Trustee member, in his capacity as Chairman, Vice-Chairman, whether defending any proceedings, civil, criminal or otherwise, in which relief is granted to any such person/s by the Court.

  74.2    Every Trustee member, every servant, agent and employee of the Association, and the Auditors shall be indemnified by the Association against (and it shall be
the duty of the Trustee Committee out of the funds of the Association to pay) all costs, losses and expenses (including travelling expenses) which such person or
persons may incur or become liable for by reason of any contract entered into, or any act or deed done, by such  person or persons in the discharge of any of his/their
respective duties, including in the case of a Trustee member, his duties as Chairman of Vice-Chairman. Without prejudice to the generality of the above, the Association shall specifically indemnity every such person against all losses of whatsoever nature incurred arising out of any bona fide act, deed or letter done or written by him jointly or severally in connection with the discharge of his duties, provided that any such act,
deed or letter has been done or written in good faith.

  74.3    A Trustee member shall not be liable for the acts, receipts, neglects or defaults of the Auditors or any of the other Trustee members, whether in their capacities as Trustee members or as Chairman or Vice-Chairman, or for any loss or expense sustained or incurred by the Association through the insufficiency of deficiency of title to any property acquired by the Trustee Committee for it on behalf of the Association, or for the insufficiency or deficiency of any security in or upon which any of the monies of the Association shall be invested, or for any loss or damage arising from the insolvency or tortuous act of any person with whom any monies, securities or effects shall be deposited, or for any loss of damage occasioned by any error of judgement or oversight on his part, or for any other loss, damage or misfortune whatever which shall happen in the execution of any of the duties of his office/s or in relation thereto, unless the same shall happen through lack of bona fides or breach of duty or breach of trust or fraud.

75.    PRIVILEGE IN RESPECT OF DEFAMATION

Every Member of the Association and every Trustee member shall be deemed by virtue of his membership or, as the case may be, his holding office as a Trustee member, to have waived as against every other member, the Trustee Committee, the Chairman or Vice-Chairman, every other Trustee member, the Auditors and everybody else engaged to perform any function or duty on behalf or for the benefit or the Association, or the Trustee Committee, or any sub-committee, all claims and rights of action which such Member or Trustee member might otherwise have had in law arising as a result of any statement, report, complaint or notice of or concerning such Member or Trustee member, or any reference to such member or Trustee member, made at any Trustee Committee meeting or otherwise in the performance or exercise of any right, function, duty, power, or trust, within the ambit of these presents, being a statement, report, complaint, notice or reference defamatory to such Member or Trustee member, or otherwise injurious to the dignity, reputation, business or financial interest of such Member or Trustee member, whether such statement be true of false.

76.    ARBITRATION

Any dispute, question or difference arising at any time between a Member or between Members and Trustees out of or in regard to:

  76.1    any matters arising out of this Constitution; or

  76.2    the rights and duties of any of the parties mentioned in this Constitution; or

  76.3    the interpretation of this Constitution shall be submitted to and decided by arbitration on notice given by any party to the other parties who are interested in the matter in question.

77.    Arbitration shall be held in Cape Town informally and otherwise upon the provisions of the Arbitration Act No. 42 of 1965 (as amended or replaced from time to time) it being intended that if possible it shall be held and concluded within twenty-one (21) Business Days after it has been demanded.

78.    Save as otherwise specifically provided herein, the Arbitrator shall be, if the question in dispute is:

  78.1    primarily an accounting matter - an independent accountant

  78.2    primarily a legal matter - a practising counsel or attorney of not less than ten (ten) years standing

  78.3    any other matter - an independent and suitably qualified person appointed by the Auditors as may be agreed upon between the parties to the dispute.

79.    If agreement cannot be reached on whether the question in dispute falls under 78.1, 78.2 or 78.3 or upon a particular arbitrator in terms of    78.3, within three (3) Business Days after the arbitration has been demanded, then:

  79.1    the President for the time being of the Law Society of the Cape of Good Hope shall determine whether the question in dispute falls under 78.1, 78.2 or 78.3; or

  79.2    the President for the time being of the Law Society of the Cape pf Good Hope shall nominate the arbitrator in terms of 78 within seven(7) Business Days after the parties have failed to agree so that the arbitration can be held and concluded as soon as possible within the 21 Business Days referred to in 77.

80.    The arbitrator shall make his award within seven (7) days after completion of the arbitration and shall in giving his award, have regard to the principles laid down in terms of the Constitution. The arbitrator may determine that the cost of the arbitration may be paid either by one or other of the disputing parties or by the Association as he in his sole discretion may deem fit.

81.    The decision of the arbitrator shall be final and binding and may be made an Order of the Cape Provincial Division of the Supreme Court of South Africa upon the application of any party to the arbitration.

82.    Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in 75 to 81 inclusive, the Trustees shall be entitled to institute legal proceedings on behalf of the Association by way of application, action or otherwise in any Court having jurisdiction for the purposes of restraining or interdicting breaches of any of these provisions.

83.    EFFECTIVE DATE

The provisions hereof shall come into force simultaneously with the first registration and transfer of the Unit Erven.

84.    [Deleted]

85.    AMENDMENTS TO CONSTITUTION

This constitution, or any part thereof, as contained herein shall not be repealed or amended, and no new rules shall be made, save by a special resolution adopted at an Annual General Meeting or Special General Meeting of the Members.

86.    CONSENT BY THE TRANSITIONAL METROPOLITAN SUBSTRUCTURE OF BRACKENFELL OR ITS SUCCESSORS

    The provisions of clauses 6, 7, 8, and 9 shall not be added to, amended or repealed without the consent in writing of the Brackenfell municipality.